ქართ | Eng

ISSN 2449-2396 (ბეჭდური) | E ISSN 2449-2612 (ონლაინ)

JEL Classifications: P41; P48


THE PROBLEM OF THE POLITICAL AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN 2012-2019

Author: Ana Tsitlidze | Published: 2019-07-29 | Pages: 148-154

Full Text


For Citation: Tsitlidze A. (2019), The Problem Of The Political And Fiscal Decentralization Of The Local Government In 2012-2019, Globalization And Business, N7, pp. 148-154.

Abstract

The article contains a concept about Political and fiscal decentralization problem in Georgia during “2012-2019”.

For each democratic state strong local government and its political and fiscal decentralization is a fundamental principle of democracy. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. It contains political, fiscal and administration decentralization which means to transfer power from central government to municipality.

In the way of Democracy and European integration as a still democracy development county, Local Government development and its Political and fiscal decentralization is an important and key issues for Georgia.

Aim of the Article: To analyze the process and the problem of Political and Fiscal decentralization of Local Government in Georgia during 2012-2019. What type of problem we have and what is the main problem for Political and Fiscal decentralization of Local Government in Georgia.

Despite all of reforms from independence to nowadays, political and fiscal decentralization of local Government is a problem for all governments in Georgia. The main reason for all of them was political control under the Local governments. After 2012, the hope that the new Government can implement real political da fiscal decentralization of local government was big. But reality is different. Despite two reforms of Local Government during 2012-2019, until now the problem of political and fiscal decentralization in Georgia is the same: no formal control of Local Governments, Most of Financial resources still have central Government, Local Governmnts have no possibility to implement their power independently, they have no own property and suffifient finansial resources.

In this article we give a recommendations how to improve political and fiscal decentralization aspects in Geogria and what the mainc problem is.


Keywords

LOCAL GOVERNMENT, FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION, EUROPEAN CHARTER, REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS.


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