JEL Classifications: P41; P48
THE PROBLEM OF THE POLITICAL AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION OF
THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN 2012-2019 Author: Ana Tsitlidze
| Published: 2019-07-29
| Pages: 148-154
For Citation: Tsitlidze A. (2019), The Problem Of The Political And Fiscal Decentralization Of The Local Government In 2012-2019, Globalization And Business, N7, pp. 148-154.
The article contains a concept about Political and fiscal decentralization problem in Georgia during “2012-2019”.
For each democratic state strong local government and its political and fiscal decentralization is a fundamental principle of democracy. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. It contains political, fiscal and administration decentralization which means to transfer power from central government to municipality.
In the way of Democracy and European integration as a still democracy development county, Local Government development and its Political and fiscal decentralization is an important and key issues for Georgia.
Aim of the Article: To analyze the process and the problem of Political and Fiscal decentralization of Local Government in Georgia during 2012-2019. What type of problem we have and what is the main problem for Political and Fiscal decentralization of Local Government in Georgia.
Despite all of reforms from independence to nowadays, political and fiscal decentralization of local Government is a problem for all governments in Georgia. The main reason for all of them was political control under the Local governments. After 2012, the hope that the new Government can implement real political da fiscal decentralization of local government was big. But reality is different. Despite two reforms of Local Government during 2012-2019, until now the problem of political and fiscal decentralization in Georgia is the same: no formal control of Local Governments, Most of Financial resources still have central Government, Local Governmnts have no possibility to implement their power independently, they have no own property and suffifient finansial resources.
In this article we give a recommendations how to improve political and fiscal decentralization aspects in Geogria and what the mainc problem is.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT, FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION, EUROPEAN CHARTER, REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS.
- Adalashvili, G. 2013. The reformation of the self-government which should strengthen the city and village. Tbilisi: Radio Independence. Pages 10-15 (in Georgian)
- Alapishvili, L. 2015. The Self-governmental System in Tbilisi in 1991-2012. In The Rapportof the development of the local Democracy. Tbilisi: The International Center for the Civil Culture. Page 25 (in Georgian)
- Bedianashvili, G. (1995). State, Power Structure and Socio-Economic Reform of Society. Tbilisi, Mecniereba
- Chokheli, E., Narmania, D. 2017. On some issues of local self-government in Georgia. International Scientific Conference: Challenges of Globalization in Economics and Business. Conference Papers. Tbilisi
- Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association, Open Society – Georgia Foundation, International Society for Fair Elections and Democracy. 2017. Research: The reformation in the name of the self-government against the self-government. Tbilisi
- Kandelaki, K. 2018. The Strategy of Decentralization in 2019-2025. www.droa.ge – last checked 10.03.2019
- Kikvadze, O., Gersamia, M. 2014. The International Legislation of the Local Government, International Organizations and Self-governments. Tbilisi: The Guide of the Clarification of the Self-government. Page 7
- Kobulia, G. 2018. The Strategy of decentralization in 2019-2025. www.droa.ge–last checked 10.03.2019
- Kvirikashvili, G. 2018. The Strategy of Decentralization in 2019-2025. www.droa.ge– last checked 10.03.2019
- Losaberidze, D. 2015. The Reformation of the Local Government in Georgia in 2013-2014. In The Rapportof the development of the local Democracy. Tbilisi: The International Center for the Civil Culture. Page 20
- Melashvili, I. 2018. The Strategy of Decentralization in 2019-2025. www.droa.ge–last checked 10.03.2019
- Nakashidze, N. 2019. The Ruined Property and the Propertyless Self-governments left trusted to the Appropriateness of the Government. http://droa.ge/?p=42897– last checked 10.03.2019
- Oslen, H. 2007. Decentralization and Local Government https://www.eda.admin.ch/dam/deza/en/documents/publikationen/Diverses/167288-decentralisation-local-governance_EN.pdfLast checked 03.03.2019.
- Putkaradze, P. 2019. The Ruined Property and the Propertyless Self-governments left trusted to the Appropriateness of the Government. http://droa.ge/?p=42897– last checked 10.03.2019
- Qurashvili, K. 2003. The Issues of the Realization of the Constitutional Principle of the Local Government in Georgia. Jurnal Almanac. N18. Tbilisi
- Shamugia, E. 2019. The Depth interview.
- Sikander, T. 2015. A Theoretical framework of Local Government. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Rawalpindi. Pakistan
- Transparency International – Georgia. 2014. The new Local Self-Government Code: Overview of the main novelties. Tbilisi
- Transparency International– Georgia. 2013. Local self-governance reform – A new Challenge for Georgia. Tbilisi
- Tsotseria, M. 2019. The Ruined Property and the Propertyless Self-governments left trusted to the Appropriateness of the Government. http://droa.ge/?p=42897– last checked 10.03.2019