MACRO-PRUDENTIAL POLICY: ESSENCE AND MEANING (FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF FINANCIAL SYSTEM) Author: Eliso Beridze
| Published: 2018-12-28
| Pages: 148-152
Macro-prudential policy implies monitoring, evaluation and carrying out such a supervisory policy of financial stability which will be aimed at eradicating systemic risks and neutralizing pro-cyclic nature of the financial sector (growing to the cycle direction, pro-cyclical). To do this, it is necessary to carry out the supervisory policy: risk assessment; analysis of the activities of banking institutions and preparation of recommendations. Systemic risks include: exogenous shocks (economic fall, external shock, etc.), the second, so-called “contagious shocks” (contagion) that are due to the high integration of the financial sector internationally; the third category is the accumulation of financial imbalance that is the risk of endogenous nature and is often collected by the support of market participants.
Against the background of the global crisis, Lehman Brothers’ bankruptcy in September 2009 clearly demonstrated those negative externalities which are linked to the bankruptcy of the systemic bank globally. Consequently, the macroprudential policy aims to reduce the probability of system banks’ bankruptcy and in case of bankruptcy to limit the system’s adverse effect. However, it is important to adequately implement the countercyclical fiscal and monetary policy.
FINANCIAL SYSTEM; FINANCIAL CRISIS; MACROPRUDENTIAL POLICY; SUPERVISORY POLICY; CREDIT CYCLE AND SYSTEMATIC RISKS
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